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API Publ 353-2006 pdf free download

API Publ 353-2006 pdf free download.Managing Systems Integrity of Terminal and Tank Facilities Managing the Risk of Liquid Petroleum Releases.
This document is intended to provide users with such an approach to managing and assessing risks specific to aboveground petroleum storage tank facilities. Furthermore, it can be used as part of an overall management program that will provide a consistent approach to: • Identifying specific terminal risks • Evaluating the potential consequences of those risks • Evaluating the overall risk of a facility, a specific asset, or group of assets • Evaluating comparative risks of facilities, individual assets, or group of assets This document is not intended to define the absolute requirements of a risk management program for a company or to prescribe a specific approach to risk assessment or risk management. It also does not define a specific risk tolerance or mandate the mitigation measures for specific risks. The information contained within this document can be further utilized in conjunction with API Publ 340, Liquid Release Prevention and Detection Measures for Aboveground Storage Facilities, to screen available control technologies that may mitigate risks (i.e., the frequency of occurrence and/or consequences) if deemed by management to be of value. Ultimately, it is the corporation that typically defines, develops, and implements an RMP that follows its guiding corporate principles and details its specific tolerance for certain risks. The definition of risk tolerance, the level of acceptable risks, and the consequences of those risks will vary from organization to organization based on corporate philosophy, economic constraints, asset criticality, health and safety issues, environmental sensitivity, environmental awareness, regulatory drivers, public relations, corporate reputation, asset desired reliability, return on investment goals, market conditions, long-term asset viability, financial strength, and other principles defined by corporate management.
1 .3.1 How to Use This Document Users can benefit from this document in several ways. First, it gives readers a brief overview of a basic RMP that they can use to develop their own corporate program. This is the first step in establishing an RMS. Second, users can develop their own risk assessment method, or they can use part, or all, of the optional risk assessment approaches detailed in the attached appendices. Third, users can develop a relative ranking of risks for various items, and using the guidance provided in this document, establish a risk-ranking matrix that helps them identify risks that may require remediation. Fourth, the user can use the approach detailed in the optional appendices to screen potential mitigation measures that are presented in API Publ 340. Last, users are provided a workbook, forms, checklists, and worked examples to aid in implementing their program. From these examples, the user can see the potential benefits in building a comprehensive Risk Assessment Program which meets the overall objectives of minimizing and mitigating the effects of liquid releases on the environment. Figure 1-1 illustrates the different approaches for using the document. The framework for using this document, outlined in Figure 1-2, is a step-by-step process that allows users to customize a program to fit their individual needs. It includes the following steps: Step 1—Users develop an overall company RMP that includes the program elements presented in Sections 4 and 5. Step 2—Users determine if they want to perform a risk assessment as part of their overall RMP. There are varying types and complexities of risk assessments as outlined in section 5.2.2 and Section 6. Users may also elect to use one of the optional risk assessment approaches outlined in this document.
Step 8—The likelihood and consequences of an event for each mitigation measure selected are recalculated. This allows the owner to select a mitigation measure based upon the owner-specified risk reduction goals, such as cost-benefit analysis (section 4.2.3). Step 9—Once the previous step is complete, users can perform any necessary updates to the RMP (e.g., updating procedures or training). Step 10—Finally, owners can monitor the management of change to the facility, equipment, procedures, process, etc., and perform periodic program audits to insure that the program is up-to-date, effective, and achieving owner-established performance measures (Sections 9, 10, and 11).

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