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API RP 1109-2010 pdf free download

API RP 1109-2010 pdf free download.Marking Liquid Petroleum Pipeline Facilities.
1 Scope 1.1 This recommended practice (RP) addresses the permanent marking of hazardous liquid pipeline transportation facilities. It covers the design, message, installation, placement, inspection, and maintenance of markers and signs on pipeline facilities located onshore and at inland waterway crossings. Markers and signs indicate the presence of a pipeline facility and warn of the potential hazards associated with its presence and operation. The markers and signs may contain information to be used by the public when reporting emergencies and seeking assistance in determining the location of a buried pipeline. 1.2 The provisions of this RP cover the minimum signage (markers and signs) requirements for hazardous liquid pipeline facilities. The pipeline operator is responsible for determining the type and extent of signage. Consideration should be given to the hazardous characteristics of the commodity being transported; the pipeline’s proximity to industrial, commercial, residential, and environmentally sensitive areas; susceptibility to excavation-related damage; consequences of failure; and applicable state and federal laws. Several examples of markers and signs with locations are illustrated in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, Figure 6, and Figure 8. The pipeline marking programs are integral components of the pipeline operator’s operations, maintenance and emergency plans, damage prevention programs, and public awareness programs. 2 Normative References The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. ASME B31.4 1 , Liquid Transportation Systems for Hydrocarbons, Liquid, Petroleum Gas, Anhydrous Ammonia, and Alcohols 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 195 2 , “Transportation of Hazardous Liquids by Pipeline”
3.3 line marker or pipeline marker Signage used along the pipeline ROW and at above ground pipeline facilities to alert the public and emergency responders of the presence of a pipeline facility. 49 CFR Part 195.410 specifies certain locations for line markers and the information to be inscribed on them. 3.4 liquid petroleum Crude oil, condensate, natural gas liquids, liquefied petroleum gas, liquid petroleum products, and refined liquid petroleum products. 3.5 other markers Signage other than aerial patrol, air patrol marker, line marker, or pipeline marker used to identify the presence of a pipeline facility solely for the benefit of a pipeline operator or to provide additional information concerning the location or facility. 3.6 pipeline facility New and existing pipe, rights-of-way, and any equipment or building used in the transportation of liquid petroleum. 3.7 pipeline operator Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, state, municipality, and cooperative association, including any trustee, receiver, assigned or personal representative thereof, who owns and operates a pipeline system. 3.8 pipeline system All parts of a pipeline facility through which hazardous liquid is transported, that includes, but is not limited to, pipe; valves, and other appurtenances connected to the pipe; pumping units, along with the fabricated assemblies associated with the pumping units; metering and delivery stations and fabricated assemblies therein; and breakout tanks. 3.9 sign A publicly displayed or posted notice, board, or other device bearing letters, symbols, and/or designs to convey a designation, name, direction, information, instruction, warning, or other message.
5 Pipeline Facility Marking Practice 5.1 General Description, Use, and Placement of Signage 5.1.1 Signage can be found in various shapes, sizes, and designs. Permanent pipeline facility markers and signs are used to convey the following information to the public and emergency responders: a) the presence of a liquid petroleum pipeline facility; b) a potential hazard warning; c) the contact telephone number of the pipeline operator for any of the following: 1) to determine the location of the buried pipeline, 2) to receive authorization to cross or occupy the pipeline rights-of-way, 3) to report emergencies relating to the pipeline or pipeline right-of-way. 5.1.2 Pipeline personnel may use pipeline markers, aerial markers and other signs to readily identify their pipeline, pipeline right of way, or crossing in the course of various day-to-day operation and maintenance activities or emergency response.

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