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API RP 1177-2017 pdf free download

API RP 1177-2017 pdf free download.Recommended Practice for Steel Pipeline Construction Quality Management Systems.
1 Scope This recommended practice establishes minimum Quality Management System (QMS) processes for organizations that own, operate, construct, or provide construction-related services for onshore carbon and low-alloy steel pipelines used in the transportation of hazardous liquids, carbon dioxide, and gas. This recommended practice specifies the elements of a QMS to manage the construction process systematically from design verification, materials manufacturing, procurement, construction, inspection, and testing to initiation of operations. 2 Normative References The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the edition that is incorporated by reference in the code of federal regulations of the referenced document applies (including any addenda/errata). API Standard 1 1 04, Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities 3 3.1 Definitions and Abbreviations Terms and Definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1.1 acceptance criteria Specified limits of acceptability applied to process, service, or product characteristics. 3.1.2 activity quality plan AQP Document(s) that establishes procedures, minimum personnel qualifications, roles and responsibilities, inspection methods, and record requirements of construction activities. The intent of an AQP is to identify quality concerns and methods of control. NOTE For pipeline construction, an activity quality plan is developed for each construction task (stringing, welding, backfilling, etc.). 3.1.3 as-built surveying Process of collecting and documenting all of the pipeline attributes and their associated location and installation conditions along a pipeline. 3.1.4 backfilling Replacement of the native soil in the trench surrounding the installed pipeline. Padding may be used in addition to backfilling.
3.1.5 bedding Method using non-native materials such as sand, or filtered or nonfiltered native materials removed while ditching (spoils) to prepare the ditch for pipeline lowering-in. Alternately, the method supports the pipeline on non-native or filtered material berms, sand bags, foam pillows, or plastic pipe support apparatuses. 3.1.6 calibration Comparison and adjustment to a standard of known accuracy. 3.1.7 cased crossing Crossing where the pipeline is installed inside of a larger diameter pipe called a casing, typically under a road, railroad, or bridge crossing. 3.1.8 collection Process of obtaining, assembling, and/or organizing applicable documentation with the intent of meeting the requirements for control or records. 3.1.9 compliance Act or process of satisfying legal or contractual requirements. 3.1.10 conformance Satisfying the applicable documented requirements; also referred to as “conformity.” NOTE Documents can include procedures, standards, specifications, recommended practices, work instructions, and any other non-legal publication. 3.1.11 ditching Creation of a trench, or ditch, in the ground where the pipeline is to be installed and buried. 3.1.12 field bending Cold bending of line pipe to conform to the planned points of inflection in the pipe route and match the topography or the route/ditch. 3.1.13 final tie-in welds Welds made between two pressure-tested sections of pipe or piping, and that are not subjected to a pressure test. Final tie-in welds may be referred to as “golden welds.” 3.1.14 horizontal directional drilling HDD A method of trenchless pipeline installation that uses steerable drilling systems. 3.1.15 in-line inspection ILI Evaluation using sophisticated and sensitive tools that travel through the interior of the pipe and measure and record irregularities that may represent metal loss, cracks, laminations, deformations, or other defects.
3.1.27 process A series of interrelated or interacting activities or steps with anticipated outputs applied in the construction of a pipeline. 3.1.28 quality assurance QA Proactive, process-oriented activities, independent of production, with the goal of preventing nonconformances. Examples of QA activities include checklists and the development of standards. 3.1.29 quality control QC Reactive, product-oriented activities with the goal of identifying nonconformances before work is finalized. Examples of QC activities include inspection and testing. 3.1.30 risk Situation or circumstance that has both a likelihood of occurring and a potentially negative consequence. 3.1.31 risk assessment Methodology for predicting probability and consequence of nonconformance. 3.1.32 risk management Application of practices to prevent and mitigate risk. 3.1.33 stringing Placement of the line pipe and bends along the right-of-way in preparation for welding and installation. 3.1.34 tie-ins Welds made between two sections of installed pipe.

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