Home>API standards>API RP 1646-2017 pdf free download

API RP 1646-2017 pdf free download

API RP 1646-2017 pdf free download.Safe Work Practices for Contractors Working at Retail Petroleum/ Convenience Facilities.
3 Terms and Definitions Definitions in this section reflect the common usage among Contractors working at retail petroleum/convenience facilities. For the purposes of this document, the following definitions apply. 3.1 ANSI hand signals The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard hand signals that are used for communicating with a crane operator. The person using the hand signals must be fully competent, qualified and experienced in the signals and with crane and lifting operations. 3.2 ASTM International Formerly ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials). The organization that establishes testing standard methods to help comply with OSHA safety requirements. ASTM F2413 refers to Standard Specification for Performance Requirements for Protective Footwear. 3.3 biohazard The biological substances that can pose a threat to humans. Examples include plants, insects, bacteria, and viruses. 3.4 bump test A qualitative function check of a LEL meter in which a known challenge gas is passed over the sensors at a concentration and exposure time sufficient to activate all alarm settings. This test verifies the performance of the LEL meter and ensures the sensors are responding to their target gases. 3.5 Code of Federal Regulations CFR The laws/rules published in the Federal Register by the departments and agencies of the Federal Government. 3.6 competent person One who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them (29 CFR 1926.32(f)). By way of training and/or experience, a competent person is knowledgeable of applicable standards, is capable of identifying workplace hazards relating to the specific operation, and has the authority to correct them. Some standards add additional specific requirements which shall also be met by the competent person.
3.8 excavation Any man-made cut, cavity, trench, or depression in an earth surface, formed by earth removal. 3.9 forecourt The area of a petroleum/convenience facility that is not occupied by a retail store building. The forecourt is typically considered the fueling area of such a facility. Small retail buildings under the canopy or in the midst of the fueling area may also be considered to be on the forecourt. 3.10 hazardous atmosphere An atmosphere with any of the following conditions present: — a combustible or flammable gas, — low oxygen concentrations, — hazardous levels of toxic substances exceeding permissible exposure levels. 3.11 permit-required confined space PRCS A confined space is one where a permit is required to work and that has one or more of the following characteristics: contains or has the potential to contain a hazardous atmosphere; contains a material that has the potential to engulf an entrant; has walls that converge inward or floors that slope downward and taper into a smaller area which could trap or asphyxiate an entrant; or contains any other recognized safety or health hazard such as unguarded machinery, exposed live wires, or heat stress. 3.12 job safety analysis JSA A pre-task analytical method to quickly identify hazards and precautions for specific tasks. A JSA is an effective way to decide on PPE and other safety requirements and can be used for employee training. 3.13 Kilovolts kV The measure of electrical voltage (1 kV = 1000 volts), and is the basis for determining the proximity in which overhead work or working at heights can be performed. 3.14 lower explosive limit LEL The lowest concentration (percentage) of a gas or vapor in air capable of producing a flash of fire in presence of an ignition source (arc, flame, heat). 3.15 LEL meter The LEL meter (also referred to as a “combustible gas detector”, “gas monitor”, or “explosimeter”) is used to detect and measure the amount of combustible gases present.

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