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API RP 2001-2019 pdf free download

API RP 2001-2019 pdf free download.Fire Protection in Refneries.
3 Terms, Defnitions, Abbreviations, and Acronyms For the purposes of this document, the following terms and defnitions apply. Additional defnitions and an expanded discussion of fre-related hydrocarbon properties and phenomena are included in Section 4 and Annex A. 3.1 Terms and Defnitions 3.1.1 clean agent Electrically nonconducting volatile or gaseous fre suppression agent approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as substitutes for chemicals judged by EPA to be ozone depleting and are being phased out under provisions of the Clean Air Act (CAA); clean agents do not leave a residue upon evaporation. 3.1.2 combustible As defned by NFPA and used in this document, refers to any solid that can burn or to any liquid that has a fash point of 100 °F (37.8 °C) or greater. See NFPA 30 for subclassifcation of combustible liquids. 3.1.3 combustion (burning) The rapid reaction of oxidizable material with an oxidizer, usually oxygen from the air, followed by the development of heat. This reaction usually produces fames. 3.1.4 dry chemical agent A powder of very small particles (usually sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, or ammonium phosphate) treated for proper fow capabilities and tailored for class A (combustible), class B (fammable), or class C (electrical) fres (see NFPA 10 for specifcs). 3.1.5 fre hazard analysis FHA A study used to evaluate fre hazards in a specifc potential fre area and evaluate consequences of fre-related events. 3.1.6 fammable As defned by NFPA and used in this document, refers to any gas that can burn or to any liquid that has a fash point below 100 °F (37.8 °C). The archaic term infammable is obsolete. See NFPA 30 for subclassifcation of fammable liquids. 3.1.7 foam For fre protection purposes is an aggregate of air-flled bubbles that will foat on the surface of a fammable liquid. They are aerated solutions of water and a proper proportion of foam concentrate that may include a flm forming agent.
3.1.9 furnace “stuffng” A furnace or heater running in a fuel-rich condition. 3.1.10 hazard A situation or inherent chemical or physical property with the potential to do harm (fammability, oxygen defciency, toxicity, corrosivity, and stored electrical, chemical, or mechanical energy). 3.1.11 management of change MOC A process to identify, evaluate, and address needs associated with changes in process technology, equipment. materials, or procedures other than “replacement in kind.” Some facilities apply MOC principles to personnel and organizations. MOC applied to personnel and organizations is often referred to as Management of Organizational Change (MOOC). 3.1.12 process The refnery equipment, vessels, and piping in which refning takes place to “process” crude oil to manufacture petroleum products. 3.1.13 pyrophoric The property of a material to self-heat and ignite in the presence of atmospheric oxygen. 3.1.14 risk The probability and consequences of exposure to a hazard, hazardous environment or situation that could result in harm. 3.1.15 risk assessment The identifcation and analysis, either qualitative or quantitative, of the likelihood and outcome of specifc hazard exposure events or scenarios with judgments of probability and consequences. 3.1.16 risk-based analysis A review of potential needs based on a risk assessment. 3.1.17 switch loading Loading of low vapor pressure (high fash point) materials into containers where fammable vapors may be present from previous use, such as when diesel fuel is loaded into a tank truck or tank car that last carried a cargo of gasoline. (API 2003 provides additional information on the static ignition fre hazards associated with switch loading.)

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