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Api Std 1160-2001 pdf free download

Api Std 1160-2001 pdf free download.Managing System Integrity for Hazardous Liquid Pipelines.
Preparing for and conducting a risk assessment is a key element in managing pipeline system integrity. Risk assess- ment is an analytical process through which an operator determines the types of adverse events or conditions that might impact pipeline integrity, the likelihood that those events or conditions will lead to a loss of integrity, and the nature and severity of the consequences that might occur fol- lowing a failure. This analytical process involves the integra- tion and analysis of design, construction, operating, maintenance, testing, and other information about a pipeline system. Risk assessments can have varying scopes, varying levels of detail, and use different methods. However, the ulti- mate goal of assessing risks is to identify and prioritize the most signiÞcant risks so that an operator can make informed decisions about these issues. Assessing risks to pipeline integrity is a continuous pro- cess. Analyzing for risks in a pipeline system is an iterative process. The operator will periodically gather additional information and system operating experience. This informa- tion should be factored into the understanding of system risks. As the signiÞcance and relevance of this additional information to risk is understood, the operator may need to adjust its integrity plan accordingly. This may result in changes to inspection methods or frequency, or additional modiÞcations to the pipeline system in response to the data. As changes are made, different pipelines within a single oper- ating company and different operators will be at different places with regard to the goal of incident-free operation. Each pipeline system and each company will need speciÞc goals and measures to monitor the improvements in integrity and to assess the need for additional changes.
Mitigative actions are taken for injurious defects. Opera- tors should take action to address integrity issues raised from assessments and information analysis. Operators should eval- uate anomalies and identify those that are injurious to pipe- line integrity. Operators should take action to mitigate or eliminate injurious defects. New technology should be evaluated and utilized, as appropriate. New technology must be understood and incor- porated into integrity management programs. Such new tech- nology can enhance an operatorÕs ability to assess risks and the capability of analytical tools to assess the integrity of sys- tem components. Operators should periodically assess the capabilities of new technologies and techniques that may provide improved understanding about the pipeÕs condition or provide new opportunities to reduce risk. Knowledge about what is avail- able and effective will allow the operator to apply the most appropriate technologies or techniques to a speciÞc risk to best address potential impacts.
2 Scope This standard is applicable to pipeline systems used to transport hazardous liquids as deÞned in Title 49 CFR 195.2. The use of this standard is not limited to pipelines regulated under Title 49 CFR 195.1, and the principles embodied in integrity management are applicable to all pipeline systems. This standard is speciÞcally designed to provide the opera- tor with a description of industry proven practices in pipeline integrity management. The guidance is speciÞc to the line pipe along the right-of-way, from scraper trap to scraper trap, but the process and approach can and should be applied to all pipeline facilities, including pipeline stations, terminals and delivery facilities associated with pipeline systems. Certain sections of this standard provide guidance speciÞc to pipeline stations, terminals, and delivery facilities.

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