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API TR 1159-2014 pdf free download

API TR 1159-2014 pdf free download.Guidelines for Oil Spill Response Training and Exercise Programs Guidance for Spill Management Teams and Oil Spill Responders.
4. The organization has developed and implemented an Oil Spill Response Plan for its assets and operations in accordance with applicable laws, regulations or its own prudence. If needed, source control plans or procedures may be included in the organization’s Oil Spill Response Plan, or be a stand-alone document(s). 5. The organization is responsible for establishing and maintaining a trained and capable Spill Management Team, comprised of any combination of internal and external personnel. 6. The organization is responsible for having spill response operations personnel available who would mobilize and use any necessary spill containment, removal equipment and other spill response resources. 7. The organization uses the terminology and principles of the Incident Command System (ICS), as described in Appendix B, of the U.S. National Incident Management System, 2008. 8. The organization follows, or may adopt, the U.S. National Preparedness for Response Exercise Program (PREP) Guidelines, or similar multi-year training and exercise program. 9. The organization’s source control function is embedded within the Spill Management Team. Unless specifically referenced, source control personnel are included when referring to the Spill Management Team. 1.7 Tier Levels Throughout this Guide, “tier levels” are used to describe the size and scope of a potential oil spill response. The tiered approach to oil spill planning and preparedness is used by U.S. and International governmental and non-governmental organizations in developing oil spill response strategies, response team structures, and training and exercise programs. Note that tier levels are typically not associated with the volume of oil spilled. It is the overall impact of the spill, not the quantity alone, that dictates the types and amounts of resources required and the duration of cleanup operations.
1.8 Team Organization Organizations may use the team position titles and organizational structure of the Incident Command System (ICS), closely aligned with the U.S. Coast Guard’s Incident Management Handbook. It is understood that organizations may modify their team structure to meet their specific needs, but still attempt to maintain consistency with ICS. ICS is scalable and modular, and can be used to organize each team tier level. It is understood that Spill Management Team positions may be filled by any combination of employees, contractors or consultants. The training guidelines in this document are position-specific, and thus would apply to any individual filling that role, regardless of their relationship to the organization. 1.8.1 Third-Party Team Members and Responders Organizations may integrate (by contract or other means) professional oil spill removal organizations, co- operatives, private companies, consultants, individuals, and non-governmental organizations into their tactical oil spill operations and Spill Management Team. Personnel who are oil spill responders or managers as a profession would be expected to receive training and hands-on experience necessary to fill such roles by their employer, and not necessarily follow the training and exercise program described in this document. Organizations should establish or adopt a due diligence program to verify third-party personnel have adequate training and experience for the roles they will fill on the Spill Management Team or to conduct tactical oil spill operations. 1.8.2 Team Tier Levels and Training Philosophy The following diagrams illustrate how Spill Management Teams may be organized for each Tier level, which can be used to provide the foundation for describing the organization’s training program. The actual design of the organization’s team levels will vary, depending on its unique requirements.
Training requirements for a Tier 1 team would focus on safety, basic response management skills, site- specific cleanup strategies, and tactical operations for known types of oil spills in a known operating environment. A Tier 1 team would not normally need advanced training in sustained response management techniques or a high degree of knowledge in all oil spill response strategies and tactics. Cleanup operations would typically only involve basic containment and mechanical recovery.

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