# API TR 2576-2016 pdf free download

API TR 2576-2016 pdf free download.Short-term Evaporative Loss Estimation from Atmospheric Storage Tanks.

3.4.2 Internal Floating-roof Tanks (and Domed External Floating-roof Tanks) For an internal floating-roof tank (or domed external floating-roof tank), standing losses are estimated as a fairly steady-state process of vapors escaping past the floating roof to the headspace above. When estimating short-term emissions, however, the concern is the rate at which the vapors leave the tank. This rate will be maximized when the tank is being filled. On the other hand, working (withdrawal) losses occur while the tank is being emptied. In that both fill and withdrawal rates can affect short-term emission rates for an internal floating-roof tank, the maximum short-term working loss, L WD , for these tanks shall be calculated with the throughput based on the greater of the maximum fill rate or the maximum withdrawal rate. The maximum short-term standing loss, L S , for an internal floating-roof tank is taken as the highest average monthly standing loss rate. In that emissions from an internal floating-roof tank (or domed external floating-roof tank) are not wind dependent, the highest average monthly standing loss rate for these tanks will occur during the warmest month. Follow the following steps. Step 1: Calculate the maximum short-term working loss rate, L WD . Use API MPMS Ch. 19.2, Section 4.3.1 6 to calculate annual working loss, L W , with: — throughput calculated from the greater of the maximum fill rate or the maximum withdrawal rate; — select the month with the highest average temperature and determine the liquid surface temperature from 3.1; — divide this annual working loss by 8760 hr/yr to obtain the maximum short-term working loss rate, L WD . Step 2: Calculate the maximum short-term standing loss rate, L S . — Use the API MPMS Ch. 19.2, Section 4.2.1, Equation (2) 5 to calculate standing loss for the rim seal, deck fittings, and deck seams (if bolted) on a monthly basis; the product factor, Kc, for crude oil stocks is set to 0.6; 3.4.3.2 Wind Speed The function of the fixed roof on an internal floating-roof tank and a domed external floating-roof tank is not to act as a vapor barrier, but to block the wind. Wind speed is a large contributor to emissions for external floating-roof tanks from the rim seals and deck fittings. Higher wind speeds will generate more emissions, but will also induce more dispersion. Lower wind speeds will generally have lesser emissions but with less dispersion. Seasonal archived wind data may be available from an airport or other local source, or from archived sources such as the United States National Solar Radiation Data Base (http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/), or internationally, the NASA Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy Data Set (http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/), or from API MPMS Ch. 19.4, 3rd Edition, Table 1. Follow the following steps. Step 1: Calculate the maximum short-term working loss rate, LWD. Use API MPMS Ch. 19.2, Section 4.3.1, Equation (19) 5 to calculate annual working loss, L W , with: — throughput calculated from the maximum withdrawal rate; — liquid surface temperature, as determined from 3.1, for the month selected for standing loss in Step 2 below; — divide this annual working loss by 8760 hr/yr to obtain the maximum short-term working loss rate, L WD . Step 2: Calculate the maximum short-term standing loss rate, L S . — Use the API MPMS Ch. 19.2, Section 4.2.1, Equation (2) 5 to calculate standing loss for the rim seal, deck fittings, and deck seams (if bolted) on a monthly basis; — select the month with the highest estimated standing losses, accounting for both temperature and wind speed; — divide this maximum monthly standing loss rate by the number of hours in the month to obtain the maximum short-term standing loss rate, L S