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API TR 755-1-2010 pdf free download

API TR 755-1-2010 pdf free download.Technical Support Document for ANSI/API RP 755, Fatigue Risk Management Systems for Personnel in the Refining and Petrochemical Industries.
4.1 Roles and Responsibilities The FRMS should clearly define the roles and responsibilities Prior to the introduction of FRMS, the management of shiftwork fatigue and health and safety risks largely was left to the managers of each site. As a result, some sites were quite proactive, introducing various individual components of FRMS including fatigue risk assessments, staffing analyses, shift schedule optimization, shiftworker training, and control room design, but usually not as an integrated system. Other sites, even within the same company, did very little to address fatigue risk. Furthermore, because site managers are often moved from site to site during their careers, fatigue risk and shiftwork optimization initiatives lost their effectiveness if the incoming managers did not consider them a priority. The essential difference of FRMS is that it is a corporate-wide managed system. Therefore, to be successfully implemented and sustained, personnel must clearly define roles and responsibilities: • Senior management must provide strong support and take ownership of the company’s FRMS. FRMS cannot be left to site managers or to middle management to implement without a champion/owner on the senior management team. Without this commitment, there is a substantial risk that senior management will move on to address other business problems and unintentionally allow the continuous improvement goals of the FRMS to slip in the corporate priorities. • Immediate supervisors make many day-to-day decisions that can influence fatigue risk for better or worse. By being alert to the issue of fatigue, they intervene in work assignments and rest breaks, which can have substantial benefits. They themselves may also be subject to fatigue risk because of their work hours and the FRMS will address practices that influence their own fatigue risk.
• Individual employees make daily choices on how long and where to sleep in their off duty time, the amount of exercise and relaxation they enjoy, how they manage any medical issues, and what they eat and drink. Each of these factors has a major impact on their fatigue risk. Furthermore, teamwork and peer-to-peer monitoring is highly valuable in keeping team members in critical positions alert and safe on the job. • Contract companies and their employees often work at the same workplace as regular employees and may be equally vulnerable to fatigue-related errors which directly impact the safety of company operations and employees. Thus on-site contractors also should be covered by RP 755 FRMS standards. • Key support functions (medical, HR, safety, workforce planning, and scheduling) each have important roles in the FRMS. o The medical department should be aware that the health risks and costs are significantly different in shiftworkers than in 9-5 employees [31,32,33,34] and therefore should design health assessment, screening, and disease management programs to address them. o HR should be aware of interindividual differences in the capacity of employees to cope with or adjust to shiftwork [35,36] and design policies to address the needs of different employees. o Those involved in workforce scheduling and planning should be aware of the substantial impacts of 24/7 work patterns on fatigue, safety and health, [37] and balance these appropriately against operational efficiency goals. 4.2 Positions Covered by FRMS Involved in process safety sensitive actions & those making process safety sensitive decisions Employees working in on-site safety-critical positions during their work shifts are the prime focus of the FRMS. However, it also is important to consider managers who may be called to make safety-critical decisions when they are off-site or at home.

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