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ASME B16.20-2017 pdf download

ASME B16.20-2017 pdf download.Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges.
SW-1 SIZE AND CLASS Spiral-wound gaskets, including centering ring and inner ring (paras. SW-2.4 and SW-2.5), are identified by flange size (NPS), pressure class, and the appropriate flange standard (ASME B16.5 or ASME B16.47). SW-2 DIMENSIONS AND TOLERANCES SW-2.1 General Dimensions and tolerances for spiral-wound gaskets, centering rings, and inner rings shall be in accordance with Figure SW-2.1-1 and Tables SW-2.1-1 through SW- 2.1-6, and as specified in this Part. SW-2.2 Construction Spiral-wound gaskets shall be constructed as alternate plies (circular layers counted as revolutions) of preformed metal windings and pliant fillers that are spirally wound. Pliant fillers shall not extend below the metal winding on both contact faces of the gasket. Metal winding thick- ness shall be 0.190 mm ± 0.040 mm (0.0075 in. ± 0.0015 in.). For all filler materials, filler thickness and density shall be determined by the manufacturer such that the performance testing criteria in para. SW-2.6 will be met. In addition, for gaskets with flexible graphite filler material, filler thickness and density shall be determined by the manufacturer such that each finished gasket will compress to a thickness no less than 3.43 mm (0.135 in.) when subjected to the following uniform gasket stress, and where the gasket contact area is calculated using the inside and outside diameters as shown in Tables SW- 2.1-1 through SW-2.1-3: (a) 52 MPa (7,500 psi) for Class 150 flanges (b) 70 MPa (10,000 psi) for Class 300 through Class 600 flanges (c) 140 MPa (20,000 psi) for Class 900 and above flanges SW-2.3 Metal Joining The inner windings shall have a minimum of three plies of preformed metal strip without filler. The initial two plies shall have spot welds spaced around the inner circumference. The minimum number of welds shall be three. The maximum distance between welds shall be 76 mm (3.0 in.). The outer windings, which shall have a minimum of three plies of preformed metal without filler, shall be spot-welded circumferentially with a minimum of three welds, the last of which shall be the terminal weld. The distance of the first weld from the terminal weld shall be no greater than 38 mm (1.5 in.). Up to four addi- tional loose preformed metal windings beyond the term- inal weld may be used to retain the gasket into the centering ring. SW-2.4 Centering Ring All spiral-wound gaskets shall be furnished assembled into a centering ring. The centering-ring thickness shall be from 2.97 mm to 3.33 mm (0.117 in. to 0.131 in.) and suitably grooved on the inside diameter so as to retain the gasket. SW-2.5 Inner Ring Inward buckling of spiral-wound gaskets has been iden- tified as a potential problem. Inner rings shall be furnished with all spiral-wound gaskets having polytetrafluoroethy- lene (PTFE) filler material. Inner rings for flexible graphite-filled, spiral-wound gaskets shall be furnished unless the purchaser specifies otherwise. For all filler materials, inner rings shall be furnished in spiral-wound gaskets for (a) NPS 24 and larger in Class 900 (b) NPS 12 and larger in Class 1500 (c) NPS 4 and larger in Class 2500 Inner rings are required for these gaskets due to high available bolt loads, which may result in outer ring damage. The inner-ring thickness shall be from 2.97 mm to 3.33 mm (0.117 in. to 0.131 in.). Tables SW-2.1-4 through SW-2.1-6 show inner-ring inside diameters that may extend a maximum of 1.5 mm (0.06 in.) into the flange bore under the worst combi- nation of flange bore, eccentric installation, and tolerance. Gaskets with inner rings should be used only with socket welding, lapped, welding neck, and integral flanges. Reference Table SW-2.5-1 for minimum pipewall thickness for use with gaskets with inner rings. Reference Tables SW-2.5-2 through SW-2.5-4 for maximum allow- able bore for use with gaskets without inner rings.

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