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ASME B20.1-2018 pdf download

ASME B20.1-2018 pdf download.Safety Standard for Conveyors and Related Equipment.
1 ð18Þ SCOPE ThisStandardappliestothedesign,construction,instal- lation, maintenance, inspection, and operation of conveyors and conveying systems in relation to hazards. The conveyors may be of the bulk material, package, or unit-handling types, where the installation is designed for permanent, temporary, or portable operation. This Standard shall apply, with the exceptions noted below, to all conveyor installations. This Standard specifically excludes any conveyor designed, installed, or used primarily for the movement of people. This Standard does, however, apply to certain conveying devices that incorporate within their supporting structure workstations or operator’s stations specifically designed for authorized operating personnel. This Standard does not apply to conveyors for which specific standards are already in effect, or to equipment such as industrial trucks, tractors, trailers, automatic guided vehicles, tiering machines (except pallet load tierers), cranes, hoists, power shovels, power scoops, bucket drag lines, trenchers, platform elevators designed to carry passengers or an operator, manlifts, moving walks, movingstairways (escalators), highwayorrailroad vehicles, cableways, tramways, dumbwaiters, material lifts, industrial scissors lifts, pneumatic conveyors, robots, or integral machine transfer devices. Some of the foregoing have specific standards. The provisions of this Standard shall apply to equip- ment installed 1 yr after the date of issuance. 2 ð18Þ REFERENCES The following list of codes and standards have been cited as references in this Standard. Reference to them does not constitute inclusion of the complete text of such codes or standards as a part of this Standard. This SafetyStandard for conveyors is supplementaryto any law or code covering fire or health regulations. ANSI Z244.1-1982, Personnel Protection — Lockout/ Tagout of Energy Sources — Minimum Safety Requirements Publisher: American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 2 5 West 43 rd Street, New York, NY 1 003 6 (www.ansi.org) ASME A17.1/CSA B44, Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators Publisher: The American Society ofMechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990 (www.asme.org) ASSE Z590.3, Guidelines for Addressing Occupational Hazards and Risks in Design and Redesign Processes Publisher: American Society of Sanitary Engineering (ASSE International), 18927 Hickory Creek Drive, Suite 220, Mokena, IL 60448 (www.asse-plumbing.org) Application Guidelines for Vertical Reciprocating Conveyors Publisher: Conveyor and Sortation Systems (CSS), a divi- sionofMaterialHandlingIndustry(MHI), 8720 RedOak Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28217-3992 (www.mhi.org/ css) CEMA 102, Conveyor Terms and Definitions CEMA Technical Report 2015-01 Publisher: Conveyor Equipment Manufacturers Association (CEMA), 5672 Strand Ct., Suite 2, Naples, FL 34110 (www.cemanet.org) MIL-STD-882, System Safety Publisher: Department of Defense, Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), DLA Document Services, Building 4/D, 700 Robbins Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094 (http://quicksearch.dla.mil) NEMA Z535.4, Product Safety Signs and Labels Publisher: National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA), 1300 North 17th Street, Suite 900, Arlington, VA 22209 (www.nema.org) NFPA 70, National Electrical Code NFPA 79, Electrical Standard for Industrial Machinery Publisher: National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169-7471 (www.nfpa.org) OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.147, The Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout) Publisher: Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, DC 20210 (www.osha.gov) 3 ð18Þ INTENT The intent ofthis Standard is to provide for safe opera- tion and maintenance of conveying equipment.
4 ð18Þ DEFINITIONS 1 accessible: applies to hazardous objects not guarded or isolated and likely to be contacted inadvertently. actuator: a device that initiates the action of controls or controllers andis manuallyoperated. Theactuatormaybe a push button, toggle switch, footpedal, hand lever, hand- settimer, or anyother device thatperforms the described function. antirunaway: a safety device that stops a declining, inclined, or vertical conveyor and thus prevents it from moving away in the event of a mechanical or elec- trical failure. apron pan: one of a series of overlapping or interlocking plates or shapes that, together with others, form the conveyor bed. automatically controlled: describes the operation by the actionofamechanismthatisinitiatedbysomeimpersonal influence, such as a conveyor thatis started bya low-level bin indicator. backstop: a mechanical device to prevent reversal of a loaded conveyor under action of gravity when forward travel is interrupted. bed: (a) that part of a conveyor upon which the load or carrying medium rests or slides while being conveyed (b) in bulk material conveyors, the mass of material being conveyed beltidler: a roller or series ofrollers thatsupports the belt of a belt conveyor. belttripper:adeviceincorporatingasystemofpulleysthat causes the conveyor belt to discharge material at one or more points along the length of the conveyor. boom: a cantilevered member or structure that may be hinged, fixed, or pivoted. brake:africtiondeviceforslowingdownconveyorcompo- nents, bringing conveyor equipment to a controlled stop, holding traveling or traversing equipment in a selected location, preventing reverse travel, and/or controlling overspeed due to the action of gravity. bunker: a large bin or compartment for storage of bulk materials. car unloader: a type of conveyor characterized by a shallow, horizontal loading section that enables it to receive and unload material from hopper bottom cars without requiring a pit or other excavation.

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