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ASME B31.1-2016 pdf download

ASME B31.1-2016 pdf download.Power Piping.
100 GENERAL This Power Piping Code is one of several Sections of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Code for Pressure Piping, B31. This Section is published as a sepa- rate document for convenience. Standards and specifications specifically incorporated by reference into this Code are shown in Table 126.1. It is not considered practical to refer to a dated edition of each of the standards and specifications in this Code. Instead, the dated edition references are included in an Addenda and will be revised yearly. 100.1 Scope Rules for this Code Section have been developed con- sidering the needs for applications that include piping typically found in electric power generating stations, in industrial and institutional plants, geothermal heating systems, and central and district heating and cooling systems. 100.1.1 This Code prescribes requirements for the design, materials, fabrication, erection, test, inspection, operation, and maintenance of piping systems. Piping as used in this Code includes pipe, flanges, bolting, gaskets, valves, pressure-relieving valves/ devices, fittings, and the pressure-containing portions of other piping components, whether manufactured in accordance with Standards listed in Table 126.1 or spe- cially designed. It also includes hangers and supports and other equipment items necessary to prevent overstressing the pressure-containing components. Rules governing piping for miscellaneous appurte- nances, such as water columns, remote water level indi- cators, pressure gages, gage glasses, etc., are included within the scope of this Code, but the requirements for boiler appurtenances shall be in accordance with Section I of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, PG-60. The users of this Code are advised that in some areas legislation may establish governmental jurisdiction over the subject matter covered by this Code. However, any such legal requirement shall not relieve the owner of his inspection responsibilities specified in para. 136.1. 1 100.1.2 Power piping systems as covered by this Code apply to all piping and their component parts except as excluded in para. 100.1.3. They include but are not limited to steam, water, oil, gas, and air services. (A) This Code covers boilerexternalpiping as defined below for power boilers and high-temperature, high- pressure water boilers in which steam or vapor is gener- ated at a pressure of more than 15 psig [100 kPa (gage)]; and high temperature water is generated at pressures exceeding 160 psig [1 103 kPa (gage)] and/or tempera- tures exceeding 250°F (120°C). Boiler external piping shall be considered as piping that begins where the boiler proper terminates at (1) the first circumferential joint for welding end connections; or (2) the face of the first flange in bolted flanged connections; or (3) the first threaded joint in that type of connec- tion; and that extends up to and including the valve or valves required by para. 122.1. The terminal points themselves are considered part of the boiler external piping. The terminal points and pip- ing external to power boilers are illustrated by Figs. 100.1.2(A.1), 100.1.2(A.2), 100.1.2(B.1), 100.1.2(B.2), 100.1.2(B.3), and 100.1.2(C). Piping between the terminal points and the valve or valves required by para. 122.1 shall be provided with Data Reports, inspection, and stamping as required by Section I of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. All welding and brazing of this piping shall be per- formed by manufacturers or contractors authorized to use the ASME Certification Mark and appropriate Designators shown in Figs. PG-105.1 through PG-109 of Section I of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. The installation of boiler external piping by mechanical means maybeperformedbyanorganizationnotholding an ASME Certification Mark. However, the holder of a valid ASME Certification Mark, Certificate of Authorization, with an “S,” “A,” or “PP” Designator shall be responsible for the documentation and hydro- static test, regardless of the method of assembly.

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