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ASME PALD-2005 pdf download

ASME PALD-2005 pdf download.Safety Standard for Portable Automotive Lifting Devices.
base: see definition for each PALD. controls, operating: the mechanisms which must be manipulatedbythe operatorto governthe starting, stop- ping, direction of motion, acceleration, speed, and retar- dation of the moving member(s) of the PALD. designated: selected or assigned by the employer or the employer’s representative as being competent to per- form specific duties. extender: an optional device supplied by the manufac- turer to mechanically increase the PALD’s height, prior to applying the load. filler plug: a removable component to allow maintaining proper fluid level in the PALD. frame: see definition for each PALD. functional damage: any detrimental permanent deforma- tion of the PALD’s structure that results in the loss of sealing capability to its hydraulic and/or pneumatic components, loss of load, or failure to meet or exceed the design qualification limits established in Section 4 of each Part. internal load limiting device: a device that limits the lifting capacity of the PALD. liftpoint: thelocationatwhichthePALD’s liftingmember or saddle contacts the vehicle component as designated by the vehicle manufacturer. lifting member: the moving portion of a PALD upon which saddles (if any) are mounted. load: the total superimposed weight of force to be over- come by the PALD. manufacturer: a company that produces goods by hand or machinery, often on a large scale. mobile: describes a lift that is readily movable from one work area to another without a load. 2 overload: a load that exceeds the rated capacity of the PALD. PALD: any one of the various types of portable automo- tive lifting devices listed in the scope of this Standard. pawl: a pivoted component that, when engaged with the teeth of a ratchet, prevents undesired movement. pneumatic power source: a device that utilizes compressed air as the force transmitting medium. portable: not permanently fixed in one location and able to be moved from one work place to another. proofload: a load, greater than the rated capacity, applied centrally to the lifting or attaching points of the PALD to confirm the integrity of the structure. qualified personnel: individuals with characteristics or abilities gained through training or experience or both, as measured against established requirements, such as standards or tests, that enable them to perform a required function. raised height: the distance from the ground to the top of the saddle at the full extension of the PALD. ratchet: a toothed memberforengagementwiththe pawl. rated capacity: the maximum published operating load that the PALD is designated to lift, support, or transport throughout its range of travel. repair: the process of rehabilitation or replacement of parts that are the same as the original for the purpose of ensuring performance in accordance with the applicable requirements. saddle: the portion of the PALD which comes in contact with and/or engages the vehicle or vehicle component. stability: a measure of resistance to tipping while under load. supplier: a company that controls the performance speci- fication and/or design of the products distributed to the general public. travel: linear extending or retracting movement of the PALD.
3 OPERATION, MAINTENANCE, AND INSPECTION 3.1 Operation The owner and/or operator shall have an understand- ing of the product, its operating characteristics, and safety operatinginstructions before operating the PALD. Safetyinformationshall be emphasizedand understood. If the operator is not fluent in English, the product and safety instructions shall be read to and discussed with the operator in the operator’s native language by the purchaser/owner or his designee, making sure that the operator comprehends their contents. 3.2 Maintenance The PALD shall be maintained in accordance with the product instructions. 3.3 Inspection (a) Visual inspection shall be made before each use of the PALD by checking for abnormal conditions, such as cracked welds, leaks, and damaged, loose, or miss- ing parts. (b) Other inspections shall be made per product operating instructions.

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