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ASME RAM-2-2016 pdf download

ASME RAM-2-2016 pdf download.Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability Program Development Process for Existing Power Plants.
The RAM program shall address plant maintainability for the following areas: (a) access — ease of access to work locations and the ability to work safely without special rigging and tools; assurance that workers have access to equipment that may need service, i.e., equipment is designed so that workers can open, remove, or enter it, and perform other activities (b) laydown — availabilityofspace to disassemble and store major components such as turbines, compressors, valves, and pumps, and provisions for disassembly and servicing of large equipment (c) tools — need for special tools and tooling, and assurance that special tools are available ahead of work, or available through contracts (d) training— availabilityand execution ofspecialized training to support scheduled activity and condition- directedwork,andassurancethatworkers are adequately trained to do the work (e) tagouts — predeveloped tagouts for anticipated work (f) spare parts — establishment of a spares strategy that ensures availability of spare parts for specialized and other equipment, and that documents sources of emergency spares (g) contracts and contingency parts — predevelop- ment of standard contracts for work (h) maintenance plans — predeveloped plans for anticipated,scheduled,andcondition-basedmaintenance; determinationoftheworktheplantpersonnelcanreason- ably be expected to do (i) diagnostics — diagnostics capabilities are known for failure modes (j) rebuild — overhaul instructions and support are known and available by contract The RAM program should have a comprehensive list of allplantequipmentthatidentifies theexpectedservicelife ofeach plant component. This list ofequipment assists in and simplifies maintainability planning. By developing a RAM program, plant owners can explore maintainability issues before construction begins. As plant physical construction proceeds, the ability to inexpensively address maintainability declines. The RAM program shall include equipment wear-out and aging information. This information shall be used to develop effective main- tenance plans that prevent critical equipment aging fail- ures and that avoid unanticipated but foreseeable high costs from deferring recognized, predictable work. 5.3 RAM Process Overview ThefollowingisasummaryoftheRAMprocess,whichis included in ASME RAM-1: Step 1. Predevelopment (a) Establish clear owner requirements as well as goals for reliability, availability, and maintainability of all critical systems. (b) Establish the scope of the RAM program. Step 2. Program Development (a) Develop the MEL, utilizing a universal tagging classification. (b) Define and assign equipmentcriticality based on risk. (c) Develop the critical equipment list based on the following factors: (1) component type and subtypes (2) riskand service environmentand use contexts (3) replicationoftags forcomponents withsimilar contexts (4) useofanefficienttemplateapplicationprocess (d) Compare component templates; the prioritized MEL and systems descriptions enable this step. Replicate equipment in identical contexts. Step 3. Implementation (a) Developthescopeofworktodothetaskslistedin work orders. (b) Organize the tasks in Step 2 into structured work orderplans (rounds androutes) bytheconditions (i.e., the state of the equipment), tagout, and skill required to perform the work. (c) Load the workscope thatresults from (a) and (b) into workcontrol systems, principallyEAMS and personal digital assistant (PDA) rounds, to finish work development. Step 4. Revision (a) Develop performance and exception reports. (b) Review critical trends. (c) Review, assess, and adjust the RAM plan accordingly. (d) Based on experience (i.e., lessons learned), update work scopes and their tasks with changes, such as new equipment. (e) Query personnel, and use the diagnostics to answer any questions. (f) Efficiently structure work for the craftspeople by tagout, tools, skills, and other classifications. (g) Present background material for use, and apply analysis and its results. 6 PREDEVELOPMENT The owner shall set the scope, goals, and requirements for implementing a RAM program. Each of these shall be documented, and the documentationshall identifywhatis available and how it was used. Where materials to imple- ment the RAM program are not complete, the RAM program owners and staff shall develop them when nec- essary to support work. 7 DEVELOPMENT The following design materials, resources, and data shall be used, if available, to implement a RAM program: (a) facility plans, strategies, and operating goals

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